Part of Colombia’s success can be attributed to having ports in both the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, as it is the only South American country that does. Most Colombian coffee is grown in the foothills of the Andes Mountains where the high altitude and moist climate make for a mild coffee bean; nearly 10.5 million bags are produced each year. Because coffee is such important revenue for this country, all cars entering Colombia are sprayed for harmful bacteria that could potentially destroy coffee trees.
The first thriving coffee plantation in Indonesia in the late 1800s was on the island colony of Java (hence, coffee’s nickname of Java). A one-time top producer of Arabica beans, many of Indonesia’s Arabica coffee plantations were destroyed, yielding an increase in the production of hardier Robusta beans. Still, some very high-quality Arabica beans are grown there, such as the Sumatra, Flores, and Sulawesi. Indonesia produces nearly 6.7 million bags yearly.
A late-comer to coffee production, Vietnam became a top producer in the 1990s. The industry has grown very quickly, and Vietnamese traders worry that processing has not caught up to growth, so the quality of Vietnamese beans is far behind many other countries. Daklak is Vietnam’s main growing region, and yields around 5.8 million bags of Robusta beans each year.